Operative hysteroscopy with the Bigatti shaver (IBS ®) for the removal of placental remnants

Keywords:

Placental remnants, Operative hysteroscopy, Intrauterine Bigatti Shaver, Retained product of conception


Published online: May 29 2019

SH. Ansari 1, G. Bigatti 2, M.M. Aghssa 3

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Day General Hospital, Valiasr St, Tehran, Iran;
2 Sino European Life Expert Centre, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Renji Hospital.160 Pujian Rd. Shanghai, China;
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Day General Hospital, Valiasr St, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background: About 15-20% of pregnant women will miscarry spontaneously during the first trimester. Traditionally, the surgical treatment of placental remnants has been dilation and curettage (D&C). However, because of its ‘blind’ nature there is a risk of serious complications, such as infection, adhesion, uterine perforation, or bowel injury. Hysteroscopy, with direct visualization of the uterine cavity, decreases these complications. In this retrospective case series we evaluated the efficacy and the feasibility of operative hysteroscopy using the Intrauterine Bigatti Shaver (IBS ® ) for the treatment of placental remnants, both, in a University hospital in Italy and in a private hospital in Iran.

Material and Methods: From December 2013 to April 2018 a retrospective medical records review, of patients undergoing placental remnant removal with the IBS ® , was performed. Sixty-five patients suspected of retained products of conception (RPOC) underwent operative hysteroscopy during this period using the IBS ® . Placental remnants were confirmed histologically in 52 cases (80%). The median age of the patients was 36 years. Placental remnants were observed after 42 early miscarriages, 5 terminations of pregnancy, 4 vaginal deliveries and 1 cesarean delivery. Thirty-two patients had abnormal uterine bleeding, 15 were asymptomatic and 5 had subfertility after miscarriage. Most cases (90%) were diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound.

Results: The median interval between surgery and the end of pregnancy was 56 days (a range of 15-90 days). The size of placental remnants was between 15 and 30mm. Three women showed a cavity filled with placental tissue residual (more than 4cm). The median resection time was 4.5 minutes and the median total surgery time was 6.6 minutes. Median fluid deficit [saline solution] was 240 ml. In two cases there was excessive intraoperative bleeding, and one patient required a conversion to bipolar resectoscope for hemostatic reasons. No perforation or postoperative complications occurred. There was no need for second-look operative hysteroscopy and postoperative ultrasound confirmed complete evacuation of the RPOC. Only one patient had a minor adhesion.

Conclusion: The IBS ® seems to be an effective and safe instrument for the removal of placental remnants. It allows for short operation time with a high success and low complication rate.