Caesarean section in women following an abdominal myomectomy: a choice or a need?
Vaginal delivery, caesarean section, fibroids, myomectomy, uterine rupture
Published online: May 07 2020
Delivery options following both open and laparoscopic myomectomy remains a controversial topic and opinions vary between obstetricians and gynaecologists. The historical advice of planned caesarean section before 39-weeks persists despite the movement towards the minimal access approach for myomectomy. The main concern remains the small, but potentially catastrophic risk of uterine rupture. Unfortunately, there remains a paucity of data assessing factors that can affect the uterine integrity following laparoscopic myomectomy, such as number, size and type of fibroids, uterine cavity breach and electro-cautery usage. Despite this, the cited 1% overall risk of rupture following myomectomy is similar to the quoted risk following trial of labour after caesarean section, and a successful and safe vaginal delivery can be achieved in as high as 90%. Patient choice and informed consent are essential in the holistic approach to managing these women and safely supporting their delivery choices.