Journal of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy


Hysteroscopy for training residents using uterine post-hysterectomy specimens with a mobile hysteroscope

L. Chatzipapas 1, N. Kathopoulis 1, A. Protopapas 1, D. Loutradis 1

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, Greece.


Mobile hysteroscopy, hysteroscopy, hysterectomy, training, simulation

Published online: May 07 2020


Background: Training in hysteroscopy can be challenging, especially in conscious women as an office procedure.

Objective: To develop a realistic hysteroscopy training model for residents using human uteri.

Methods: Human uterine specimens were acquired immediately after hysterectomy, before they were sent for histological analysis and were used as a training model for hysteroscopy. Results: We describe this new technique, which we have used for one year in our resident training programme. Each resident performs at least 20 simulated diagnostic hysteroscopies in extirpated uteri, before performing procedures on women in the operating room.

Conclusions: Simulating hysteroscopy on human uterine models offers a novel and realistic way of training novices prior to conducting procedures under supervision on live patients.

What is new: This is a novel model for training and offers a much more realistic training opportunity.