Diagnostic accuracy and economic impact of three work-up strategies identifying risk groups in endometrial cancer, fully incorporating sentinel lymph node algorithm
endometrial cancer, risk groups, lymphadenectomy, surgical staging, work-up strategy, sentinel lymph node
Published online: Oct 09 2020
Background: According to the European Society for Medical Oncology/ European Society of Gynaecological Oncology/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESMO/ESGO/ESTRO) Consensus Conference, the role of preoperative risk groups (RGs) in endometrial cancer (EC) is to direct surgical nodal staging. We compared diagnostic accuracy and economic impact of three work-up strategies to identify RGs.
Methods: A retrospective multicentre study including patients with early-stage EC. The three different work-up strategies were as follows:
-Mondovì Hospital: transvaginal ultrasonography, pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); frozen section examination of the uterus in case of imaging discordance. High-risk patients underwent abdominal computed tomography.
-Gemelli Hospital: transvaginal ultrasonography, MRI, One-Step Nucleic Acid Amplification (OSNA) of sentinel lymph node (SLN); frozen section examination of the uterus in case of imaging discordance.
-Negrar Hospital: positron emission tomography (PET), frozen section examination of the uterus and of SLN.
For statistical purposes patients were assigned, preoperatively and postoperatively, to two groups: group A (high-risk) and group B (not high-risk).
Results: Three hundred eighty-five patients were included (93 Mondovì, 215 Gemelli, 77 Negrar). Endometrial biopsy errors led to 47.3% misclassifications. Test accuracy of Mondovì, Gemelli and Negrar strategies was 0.83 (95%CI 0.734-0.901), 0.95 (95%CI 0.909-0.975) and 0.94 (95%CI 0.866-0.985), respectively. Preoperative work-up mean cost per patient in group A was €514.5 at Mondovì, €868.5 at Gemelli, and €1212.8 at Negrar hospital (p-value < 0.001), while in group B was €378.8 at Mondovì, €941.2 at Gemelli, and €1848.4 at Negrar hospital (p-value < 0.001).
Conclusions: In our study, work-up strategies with more relevant economic impact showed a better diagnostic accuracy. Upcoming guidelines should specify recommendations about the gold standard work-up strategy, including the role of SLN.